Science Themes

ST-3: MONSOON VARIABILITY AND ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE

The monsoon domain in the Indian Ocean is usually defined as northward of 10°S, where the circulation is characterized by seasonal reversal along with the monsoon annual cycle. The monsoonal winds, which have the largest annual amplitude of any subtropical and tropical climate feature, profoundly impact not only the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal and the surrounding continents, but also the entire eastern side of the Indian Ocean basin, including Southeast Asia and Oceania. Perhaps the most important consideration in the context of the monsoon variability s that a significant fraction of the world's population lives in the coastal and interior regions of Indian Ocean rim countries and they are directly impacted by the variability of the monsoons and associated rains.

Against the above scenario, the IIOE-2 Science Plan has identified a set of core questions that calls for the attention of the scientific fraternity:

  1. What factors control present, past and future monsoon variability?
  2. How does this variability impact ocean physics, chemistry and biogeochemistry in the Indian Ocean?
  3. What is the effect on ecosystem response, fisheries and human populations?

The coordination of the activities under ST-3 has been mandated to a Committee co-chaired by Dr. Adrian Matthews (a.j.matthews@uea.ac.uk), Professor at the School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, and Dr. Joaquim Goes (jig@ldeo.columbia.edu), Professor at the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University, New York. The composition of the Committee is:

Search Term

Name Nationality Affiliation
Dr. Adrian Matthews
CO-CHAIR
UK School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK.
Email: a.j.matthews@uea.ac.uk
Dr. Joaquim I. Goes
CO-CHAIR
USA Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University, New York.
Email: jig@ldeo.columbia.edu
Dr. Lin Liu China First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao, China.
Email: liul@fio.org.cn
Prof. Nicole Aberle-Malzahn Germany NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
Email: nicole.aberle-malzahn@ntnu.no
Dr. Shankar Doraiswamy India CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Goa.
Email: shankar@nio.org
Dr. Raden Dwi Susanto Indonesia University of Maryland, USA.
Email: dwisusa@umd.edu
Dr. Samina Kidwai Pakistan National Institute of Oceanography, Karachi, PAKISTAN.
Email: skidwaipk@gmail.com
Prof. Benjamin Peter Horton UK Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.
Email: bphorton@marine.rutgers.edu